UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
______________________

Form 8-K
______________________

CURRENT REPORT

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of earliest event Reported): February 5, 2019  

CDK Global, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)

Delaware
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation)

1-36486 46-5743146
(Commission File Number) (I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

 

1950 Hassell Road, Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

(847) 397-1700
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Not Applicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

 [   ]  Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 [   ]  Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 [   ]  Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 [   ]  Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (17 CFR §230.405) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (17 CFR §240.12b-2). Emerging growth company [  ]

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [   ]

 
 

Item 2.02. Results of Operations and Financial Condition.

On February 5, 2019, CDK Global, Inc. (the “Company”), issued a press release announcing its financial results for the second quarter ended December 31, 2018. A copy of the press release is furnished as Exhibit 99.1 hereto.

The information contained in this Item 2.02 of this Current Report on Form 8-K, as well as Exhibit 99.1, shall not be deemed “filed” for the purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), or otherwise be subject to the liabilities of that section. It may only be incorporated by reference in another filing under the Exchange Act or Securities Act of 1933, as amended, if it is expressly incorporated by specific reference in such filing.

Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d) Exhibits.

  
Exhibit
Number

Description of Exhibit
99.1 Press Release issued by CDK Global, Inc. on February 5, 2019


SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 CDK Global, Inc.
   
   
Date: February 5, 2019By: /s/ JENNIFER A. WILLIAMS        
  Jennifer A. Williams
  Vice President, Corporate Controller and Chief
Accounting Officer
  

EdgarFiling

EXHIBIT 99.1

CDK Global Reports Second Quarter Fiscal 2019 Results

ASC 606 Second Quarter Results

ASC 605 Second Quarter Results

HOFFMAN ESTATES, Ill., Feb. 05, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- CDK Global, Inc. (Nasdaq:CDK) today announced financial results for its fiscal 2019 second quarter ended December 31, 2018.     

Effective July 1, 2018 we have adopted ASU 2014-09 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” and related ASUs (“ASC 606”), using the modified retrospective transition approach.  We will not recast historical information and will report financial results in fiscal 2019 under both standards for the transition year for comparability purposes.

Second Quarter Fiscal 2019 Results

Year-over-year highlights are below:

      
 Second Quarter Fiscal 2019 Results ASC 606 ASC 605
 Revenues $590.4 million up 7% to $600.5 million
 Earnings before income taxes $121.3 million up 6% to $127.8 million
 Adjusted earnings before income taxes $168.2 million up 6% to $174.7 million
 Diluted earnings attributable to CDK per share $0.70 down 1% to $0.74
 Adjusted diluted earnings attributable to CDK per share $0.98 up 15% to $1.02
 Net earnings attributable to CDK $89.0 million down 10% to $93.9 million
 Margin15.1%down 290 bps to 15.6%
 Adjusted EBITDA $222.2 million up 12% to $228.7 million
 Margin 37.6% up 180 bps to 38.1%
      
      

“We had a great second quarter, and we are encouraged by the revenue growth momentum in the business,” said Brian Krzanich, president and chief executive officer. “During my first ninety days at CDK I’ve seen opportunities across the business to improve how we partner with our dealer and OEM customers.  We’re committed to providing great automotive experiences to our dealers, OEMs, and their customers by delivering world class software, support, and data insights, while enabling long-term, sustainable growth.”

The non-GAAP (adjusted) results and guidance presented in this press release represent non-GAAP financial measures.  Reconciliations of these measures to the appropriate GAAP measures are provided in the tables at the end of this press release.  Comparisons of results provided in this press release reflect year-over-year comparisons on an ASC 605 basis. 

Impacts to the Second Quarter:

CDK Segment Information

CDK North America: Retail Solutions North America (“RSNA”)

ASC 606

ASC 605

CDK North America: Advertising North America (“ANA”)

ASC 606

ASC 605

CDK International (“CDKI”)

ASC 606

ASC 605

Fiscal 2019 Guidance

     
 Fiscal 2019 Guidance ASC 606 
 Revenues $2.32 billion - $2.35 billion 
 Diluted earnings attributable to CDK per share $2.70 - $2.80 
 Adjusted diluted earnings attributable to CDK per share $3.70 - $3.80 
 Net earnings attributable to CDK $330 million - $360 million 
 Adjusted EBITDA $860 million - $895 million 
     

Going forward, fiscal 2019 guidance will only be provided on an ASC 606 basis.  We maintain our revenue guidance range of $2.32 billion - $2.35 billion.  We expect GAAP diluted earnings per share of $2.70 - $2.80, and adjusted diluted earnings per share at the higher end of the $3.70 - $3.80 range. We expect GAAP net earnings attributable to CDK of $330 million - $360 million, and maintain our adjusted EBITDA range of $860 million - $895 million. 

Tax Rate

We maintain our estimated fiscal 2019 GAAP effective tax rate of 26.0% - 27.0% on an ASC 606 basis, compared to 24.1% in fiscal 2018, driven by changes related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.  We maintain our estimated fiscal 2019 adjusted effective tax rate guidance range of 25.0% - 26.0% on an ASC 606 basis, compared to 29.1% in fiscal 2018. 

Website Schedules

Other financial information, including financial statements and supplementary schedules presented on a GAAP and adjusted basis, and the schedule of quarterly revenues and pretax earnings by reportable segment have been updated for the second quarter of fiscal 2019 and will be posted to the CDK Investor Relations website, http://investors.cdkglobal.com, in the “Financial Information” section.

Webcast and Conference Call

An analyst conference call will be held today, Tuesday, February 5, 2019 at 7:30 a.m. CT. A live webcast of the call will be available on a listen-only basis. To listen to the webcast go to the CDK Investor Relations website, http://investors.cdkglobal.com, and click on the webcast icon. An accompanying slide presentation will be available to download and print about 60 minutes before the webcast at the CDK Investor Relations website at http://investors.cdkglobal.com. CDK financial news releases, current financial information, SEC filings and Investor Relations presentations are accessible at the same website.

About CDK Global

With more than $2 billion in revenues, CDK Global (Nasdaq:CDK) is a leading global provider of integrated information technology and digital marketing solutions to the automotive retail and adjacent industries. Focused on enabling end-to-end automotive commerce, CDK Global provides solutions to dealers in more than 100 countries around the world, serving approximately 30,000 retail locations and most automotive manufacturers. CDK solutions automate and integrate all parts of the dealership and buying process from targeted digital advertising and marketing campaigns to the sale, financing, insuring, parts supply, repair and maintenance of vehicles. Visit cdkglobal.com.

 
CDK Global, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In millions, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
 December 31, December 31,
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Revenues$590.4  $561.7  $1,144.9  $1,127.4 
        
Expenses:       
  Cost of revenues309.9  290.8  591.5  598.5 
  Selling, general and administrative expenses122.7  122.2  221.0  235.9 
  Restructuring expenses3.8  7.6  21.0  14.1 
Total expenses436.4  420.6  833.5  848.5 
        
Operating earnings154.0  141.1  311.4  278.9 
        
  Interest expense(34.3) (23.2) (66.5) (46.5)
  Other income, net1.6  2.4  4.2  7.7 
        
Earnings before income taxes121.3  120.3  249.1  240.1 
        
  Provision for income taxes(30.4) (14.1) (65.9) (50.8)
        
Net earnings90.9  106.2  183.2  189.3 
Less: net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest1.9  2.2  3.9  4.0 
Net earnings attributable to CDK$89.0  $104.0  $179.3  $185.3 
        
        
Net earnings attributable to CDK per common share:       
Basic$0.70  $0.76  $1.40  $1.34 
Diluted$0.70  $0.75  $1.39  $1.33 
        
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:       
Basic126.8  136.9  128.2  138.5 
Diluted127.5  138.2  129.1  139.8 
            

Effective July 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective approach.  The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for the period presented.

 
CDK Global, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
    
 December 31, June 30,
 2018 2018
Assets   
Current assets:   
  Cash and cash equivalents$228.7  $804.4 
  Accounts receivable, net of allowances411.6  374.6 
  Other current assets126.8  188.3 
  Total current assets767.1  1,367.3 
    
Property, plant and equipment, net139.0  131.9 
Other assets277.8  165.5 
Goodwill1,587.4  1,217.2 
Intangible assets, net245.8  126.5 
  Total assets$3,017.1  $3,008.4 
    
Liabilities and Stockholders' Deficit   
Current liabilities:   
  Current maturities of long-term debt and capital lease obligations$268.0  $45.2 
  Accounts payable36.9  50.5 
  Accrued expenses and other current liabilities214.2  198.0 
  Accrued payroll and payroll-related expenses60.6  85.7 
  Short-term deferred revenues131.0  169.0 
  Total current liabilities710.7  548.4 
    
Long-term debt and capital lease obligations2,592.0  2,575.5 
Long-term deferred revenues68.4  110.4 
Deferred income taxes84.6  56.7 
Other liabilities61.5  64.7 
  Total liabilities3,517.2  3,355.7 
    
Stockholders' Deficit:   
  Preferred stock   
  Common stock1.6  1.6 
  Additional paid-in-capital604.8  679.8 
  Retained earnings1,003.8  753.0 
  Treasury stock, at cost(2,116.5) (1,810.7)
  Accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)(7.0) 11.5 
  Total CDK stockholders' deficit(513.3) (364.8)
Noncontrolling interest13.2  17.5 
  Total stockholders' deficit(500.1) (347.3)
  Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit$3,017.1  $3,008.4 
        

Effective July 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective approach.  The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for the period presented.

 
CDK Global, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
 Six Months Ended
 December 31,
 2018 2017
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:   
Net earnings$183.2  $189.3 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to cash flows provided by operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization45.3  39.0 
Impairment of intangible assets14.9   
Deferred income taxes4.3  (12.1)
Stock-based compensation expense6.8  21.0 
Other4.1  1.2 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effect from acquisitions of businesses:   
Decrease (increase) in accounts receivable(19.8) (33.2)
Decrease (increase) in other assets8.5  (6.8)
Decrease in accounts payable(17.0) (21.0)
Decrease in accrued expenses and other liabilities(31.0) (26.1)
Net cash flows provided by operating activities199.3  151.3 
    
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:   
Capital expenditures(27.1) (28.4)
Capitalized software(21.3) (17.7)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment6.7   
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired(513.2) (12.8)
Contributions to investments(10.0)  
Proceeds from investments0.4  0.8 
Net cash flows used in investing activities(564.5) (58.1)
    
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:   
Proceeds from long-term debt1,030.0   
Repayments of long-term debt and capital lease obligations(796.9) (23.2)
Dividends paid to stockholders(38.0) (40.2)
Repurchases of common stock(374.1) (315.4)
Proceeds from exercises of stock options1.5  3.8 
Withholding tax payments for stock-based compensation awards(15.3) (9.6)
Dividend payments to noncontrolling owners(8.2)  
Payments of deferred financing costs(4.4) (0.4)
Acquisition-related payments(3.2) (1.9)
Net cash flows used in financing activities(208.6) (386.9)
    
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(6.5) 10.5 
    
Net change in cash. cash equivalents and restricted cash(580.3) (283.2)
    
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of period817.1  734.0 
    
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of period$236.8  $450.8 
        

Effective July 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective approach.  The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for the period presented.

During the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, the company adopted ASU 2016-18 retrospectively and as a result included restricted cash with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning of the period and end of the period total amounts presented on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. Prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.

CDK Global, Inc.
Consolidated Adjusted Financial Information
(In millions, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

As described below under the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this press release, effective July 1, 2018, we began incorporating amortization of acquired intangible assets within our calculations of adjusted earnings before income taxes, adjusted provision for income taxes, adjusted net earnings attributable to CDK, and adjusted diluted net earnings attributable to CDK per share. Also, effective October 1, 2018, we began incorporating impairment of intangible assets within our calculations of adjusted earnings before income taxes, adjusted provision for income taxes, adjusted net earnings attributable to CDK, adjusted diluted net earnings attributable to CDK per share, and adjusted EBITDA. Information for the three and six months ended December 31, 2017 has been restated to conform to the new presentation.

Effective July 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective approach.  The tables below present fiscal 2019 consolidated adjusted financial information on both an ASC 606 and an ASC 605 basis. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for the period presented.

            
 Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
 December 31,   December 31,    
 2018 2017 ASC 605 Change 2018 2017 ASC 605 Change
 ASC 606 ASC 605 $ % ASC 606 ASC 605 $ %
Revenues$590.4  $600.5  $561.7  $38.8  7% $1,144.9  $1,166.4  $1,127.4  $39.0  3%
Impact of exchange rates3.5  3.9        5.4  6.1       
Constant currency revenues (a)$593.9  $604.4  $561.7  $42.7  8% $1,150.3  $1,172.5  $1,127.4  $45.1  4%
                    
Earnings before income taxes$121.3  $127.8  $120.3  $7.5  6% $249.1  $258.1  $240.1  $18.0  7%
Margin20.5% 21.3% 21.4% -10 bps 21.8% 22.1% 21.3% 80 bps
Impairment of intangible assets14.9  14.9        14.9  14.9       
Restructuring expenses3.8  3.8  7.6      21.0  21.0  14.1     
Other business transformation expenses3.7  3.7  14.4      8.9  8.9  29.6     
Total stock-based compensation3.5  3.5  12.9      6.8  6.8  21.0     
Amortization of acquired intangible assets5.9  5.9  4.0      9.0  9.0  7.8     
Transaction and integration-related expenses2.3  2.3  3.1      4.1  4.1  3.7     
Officer transition expense5.2  5.2  0.6      5.2  5.2  0.6     
Legal and regulatory expenses related to competition matters7.6  7.6  2.1      9.3  9.3  3.0     
Tax matters indemnifications loss/(gain)    0.4          (0.4)    
Adjusted earnings before income taxes (a)$168.2  $174.7  $165.4  9.3  6% $328.3  $337.3  $319.5  $17.8  6%
Adjusted margin28.5% 29.1% 29.4% -30 bps 28.7% 28.9% 28.3% 60 bps
Impact of exchange rates1.1  1.3        2.0  2.3       
Constant currency adjusted earnings before income taxes (a)$169.3  $176.0  $165.4  $10.6  6% $330.3  $339.6  $319.5  $20.1  6%


            
 Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
 December 31,   December 31,    
 2018 2017 ASC 605 Change 2018 2017 ASC 605 Change
 ASC 606 ASC 605 $ % ASC 606 ASC 605 $ %
Provision for income taxes$30.4  $32.0  $14.1  $17.9  127% $65.9  $68.2  $50.8  $17.4  34%
Effective tax rate25.1% 25.0% 11.7%     26.5% 26.4% 21.2%    
Income tax effect of pre-tax adjustments11.4  11.4  11.7      18.8  18.8  24.2     
Excess tax (expense)/benefit from stock-based compensation(1.2) (1.2) 0.1      0.7  0.7  3.6     
Pre spin-off filed tax return adjustment    0.4          0.4     
Impact of U.S tax reform    14.1      (3.4) (3.4) 14.1     
Adjusted provision for income taxes (a)$40.6  $42.2  $40.4  $1.8  4% $82.0  $84.3  $93.1  $(8.8) (9)%
Adjusted effective tax rate24.1% 24.2% 24.4%     25.0% 25.0% 29.1%    


            
 Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
 December 31,   December 31,    
 2018 2017 ASC 605 Change 2018 2017 ASC 605 Change
 ASC 606 ASC 605 $ % ASC 606 ASC 605 $ %
Net earnings$90.9  $95.8  $106.2  $(10.4) (10)% $183.2  $189.9  $189.3  $0.6  %
Less: net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest1.9  1.9  2.2      3.9  3.9  4.0     
Net earnings attributable to CDK89.0  93.9  104.0  (10.1) (10)% 179.3  186.0  185.3  0.7  %
Impairment of intangible assets14.9  14.9        14.9  14.9       
Restructuring expenses (b)3.8  3.8  7.5      20.9  20.9  13.9     
Other business transformation expenses(b)3.7  3.7  14.3      8.9  8.9  29.5     
Total stock-based compensation3.5  3.5  12.9      6.8  6.8  21.0     
Amortization of acquired intangible assets (b)5.8  5.8  4.0      8.8  8.8  7.8     
Transaction and integration-related expenses2.3  2.3  3.1      4.1  4.1  3.7     
Officer transition expense5.2  5.2  0.6      5.2  5.2  0.6     
Legal and regulatory expenses related to competition matters (b)7.5  7.5  2.1      9.2  9.2  3.0     
Tax matters indemnifications loss/(gain)    0.4          (0.4)    
Income tax effect on pre-tax adjustments(11.4) (11.4) (11.7)     (18.8) (18.8) (24.2)    
Excess tax expense/(benefit) from stock-based compensation1.2  1.2  (0.1)     (0.7) (0.7) (3.6)    
Pre spin-off filed tax return adjustment    (0.4)         (0.4)    
Impact of U.S tax reform    (14.1)     3.4  3.4  (14.1)    
Adjusted net earnings attributable to CDK (a)$125.5  $130.4  $122.6  $7.8  6% $242.0  $248.7  $222.1  $26.6  12%


            
 Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
 December 31,   December 31,    
 2018 2017 ASC 605 Change 2018 2017 ASC 605 Change
 ASC 606 ASC 605 $ % ASC 606 ASC 605 $ %
Diluted earnings attributable to CDK per share$0.70  $0.74  $0.75  $(0.01) (1)% $1.39  $1.44  $1.33  $0.11  8%
Impairment of intangible assets0.12  0.12        0.12  0.12       
Restructuring expenses (b)0.03  0.03  0.06      0.16  0.16  0.10     
Other business transformation expenses(b)0.03  0.03  0.10      0.07  0.07  0.21     
Total stock-based compensation0.02  0.02  0.09      0.05  0.05  0.15     
Amortization of acquired intangible assets0.04  0.04  0.03      0.07  0.07  0.06     
Transaction and integration-related expenses0.02  0.02  0.03      0.03  0.03  0.03     
Officer transition expense0.04  0.04        0.04  0.04       
Legal and regulatory expenses related to competition matters (b)0.06  0.06  0.02      0.07  0.07  0.03     
Tax matters indemnifications loss/(gain)                   
Income tax effect of pre-tax adjustments(0.09) (0.09) (0.09)     (0.15) (0.15) (0.18)    
Excess tax expense/(benefit) from stock-based compensation0.01  0.01        (0.01) (0.01) (0.03)    
 Pre spin-off filed tax return adjustment                   
Impact of U.S tax reform    (0.10)     0.03  0.03  (0.10)    
Adjusted diluted earnings attributable to CDK per share (a)$0.98  $1.02  $0.89  $0.13  15% $1.87  $1.92  $1.59  $0.33  21%
                    
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:                   
Diluted127.5  127.5  138.2      129.1  129.1  139.8     


 Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended    
 December 31,   December 31,    
 2018 2017 ASC 605 Change 2018 2017 ASC 605 Change
 ASC 606 ASC 605 $ % ASC 606 ASC 605 $ %
Net earnings attributable to CDK$89.0  $93.9  $104.0  $(10.1) (10)% 179.3  $186.0  $185.3  $0.7  %
Margin15.1% 15.6% 18.5% -290 bps 15.7% 15.9% 16.4% -50 bps
Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest1.9  1.9  2.2      3.9  3.9  4.0     
Provision for income taxes30.4  32.0  14.1      65.9  68.2  50.8     
Interest expense34.3  34.3  23.2      66.5  66.5  46.5     
Depreciation and amortization25.6  25.6  19.5      45.3  45.3  39.0     
Impairment of intangible assets14.9  14.9        14.9  14.9       
Restructuring expenses3.8  3.8  7.6      21.0  21.0  14.1     
Other business transformation expenses3.7  3.7  14.4      8.9  8.9  29.6     
Total stock-based compensation3.5  3.5  12.9      6.8  6.8  21.0     
Transaction and integration-related expenses2.3  2.3  3.1      4.1  4.1  3.7     
Officer transition expense5.2  5.2  0.6      5.2  5.2  0.6     
Legal and regulatory expenses related to competition matters7.6  7.6  2.1      9.3  9.3  3.0     
Tax matters indemnifications loss/(gain)    0.4          (0.4)    
Adjusted EBITDA (a)$222.2  $228.7  $204.1  $24.6  12% 431.1  $440.1  $397.2  $42.9  11%
Adjusted margin37.6% 38.1% 36.3% 180 bps 37.7% 37.7% 35.2% 250 bps


  
 Six Months Ended
 December 31,
 2018 2017
Net cash flows provided by operating activities$199.3  $151.3 
Capital expenditures(27.1) (28.4)
Capitalized software(21.3) (17.7)
Change in restricted cash4.6  0.7 
Free cash flow (a)$155.5  $105.9 
        

(a) Refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this earnings release for additional information on our non-GAAP adjustments.

(b) The portion of expense related to noncontrolling interest has been removed from restructuring expenses, amortization of acquired intangible assets and legal and regulatory expenses related to competition matters for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018, and from restructuring expenses and other business transformation expenses for the three and six months ended December 31, 2017.

CDK Global, Inc.
Segment Adjusted Financial Data
(In millions)
(Unaudited)

As described below under the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this press release, effective July 1, 2018, we began incorporating additional adjustments within our calculations of adjusted earnings before income taxes, where management has deemed it appropriate to better reflect our underlying operations. In the first quarter of fiscal 2019, the Company revised segment reporting to reclassify the assets and liabilities and operating results of the April 2018 acquisition of Progressus Media LLC to the Retail Solutions North America ("RSNA") segment. The results were previously reported in the Advertising North America ("ANA") segment. GAAP and Adjusted segment information for the three and six months ended, December 31, 2018 has been restated to conform to the new presentations.

Effective July 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective approach.  The tables below present fiscal 2019 segment financial data on both an ASC 606 and an ASC 605 basis. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for the period presented.

    
 Segment Revenues  
 Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
 December 31, ASC 605 Change December 31, ASC 605 Change
 2018 2017  2018 2017 
 ASC 606 ASC 605 $ % ASC 606 ASC 605 $ %
CDK North America:                   
RSNA (a)$447.9  $445.0  $398.1  $46.9  12% 858.0  $858.2  $799.7  $58.5  7%
ANA (b)70.5  70.9  76.8  (5.9) (8)% 136.3  136.8  156.6  (19.8) (13)%
CDK International (c)72.0  84.6  86.8  (2.2) (3)% 150.6  171.4  171.1  0.3  %
Total$590.4  $600.5  $561.7  $38.8  7% $1,144.9  $1,166.4  $1,127.4  $39.0  3%


  
 Segment Adjusted Earnings before Income Taxes
 Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
 December 31, ASC 605 Change December 31, ASC 605 Change
 2018 2017  2018 2017 
 ASC 606 ASC 605 $ % ASC 606 ASC 605 $ %
CDK North America:                   
RSNA (a)$191.3  $184.8  $169.9  $14.9  9% 372.3  $364.2  $329.8  $34.4  10%
Margin42.7% 41.5% 42.7% -120 bps 43.4% 42.4% 41.2% 120 bps
ANA (b)9.3  9.7  10.1  (0.4) (4)% 16.1  16.6  21.5  (4.9) (23)%
Margin13.2% 13.7% 13.2% 50 bps 11.8% 12.1% 13.7% -160 bps
CDK International (c)9.7  22.3  23.5  (1.2) (5)% 28.6  45.2  45.7  (0.5) (1)%
Margin13.5% 26.4% 27.1% -70 bps 19.0% 26.4% 26.7% -30 bps
Other (d)(42.1) (42.1) (38.1) (4.0) 10% (88.7) (88.7) (77.5) (11.2) (14)%
Total$168.2  $174.7  $165.4  $9.3  6% $328.3  $337.3  $319.5  $17.8  6%
Margin28.5% 29.1% 29.4% -30 bps 28.7% 28.9% 28.3% 60 bps
                      

(a) The table below presents a reconciliation of: (i) revenues to constant currency revenues; and (ii) earnings before income taxes to constant currency adjusted earnings before income taxes, for the RSNA segment.

            
RSNAThree Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
 December 31, ASC 605 Change December 31, ASC 605 Change
 2018 2017  2018 2017 
 ASC 606 ASC 605 $ % ASC 606 ASC 605 $ %
Revenues$447.9  $445.0  $398.1  $46.9  12% $858.0  $858.2  $799.7  $58.5  7%
Impact of exchange rates1.1  1.1        2.1  2.2       
Constant currency revenues (e)$449.0  $446.1  $398.1  $48.0  12% $860.1  $860.4  $799.7  $60.7  8%
                    
Earnings before income taxes$162.5  $156.0  $162.3  $(6.3) (4)% $338.1  $330.0  $318.5  $11.5  4%
Margin %36.3% 35.1% 40.8% -570 bps 39.4% 38.5% 39.8% -130 bps
Amortization of acquired intangible assets5.2  5.2  2.4      7.6  7.6  4.6     
Transaction and integration-related expenses1.1  1.1  3.1      2.4  2.4  3.7     
Impairment of intangible assets14.9  14.9        14.9  14.9       
Legal and regulatory expenses related to competition matters7.6  7.6  2.1      9.3  9.3  3.0     
Adjusted earnings before income taxes$191.3  $184.8  $169.9  $14.9  9% $372.3  $364.2  $329.8  $34.4  10%
Adjusted Margin %42.7% 41.5% 42.7% -120 bps 43.4% 42.4% 41.2% 120 bps
Impact of exchange rates0.8  0.6        1.4  1.2       
Constant currency earnings before income taxes (e)$192.1  $185.4  $169.9  $15.5  9% $373.7  $365.4  $329.8  $35.6  11%
                                      

(b) The table below presents a reconciliation of earnings before income taxes to adjusted earnings before income taxes for the ANA segment.

            
ANAThree Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
 December 31, ASC 605 Change December 31, ASC 605 Change
 2018 2017  2018 2017 
 ASC 606 ASC 605 $ % ASC 606 ASC 605 $ %
Revenues$70.5  $70.9  $76.8  $(5.9) (8)% $136.3  $136.8  $156.6  $(19.8) (13)%
                    
Earnings before income taxes$8.8  $9.2  $9.4  $(0.2) (2)% $15.0  $15.5  $20.0  $(4.5) (23)%
Margin %12.5% 13.0% 12.2% 80 bps 11.0% 11.3% 12.8% -150 bps
Amortization of acquired intangible assets0.5  0.5  0.7      1.1  1.1  1.5     
Adjusted earnings before income taxes (e)$9.3  $9.7  $10.1  $(0.4) (4)% $16.1  $16.6  $21.5  $(4.9) (23)%
Adjusted margin %13.2% 13.7% 13.2% 50 bps 11.8% 12.1% 13.7% -160 bps
                      

(c) The table below presents a reconciliation of: (i) revenues to constant currency revenues; and (ii) earnings before income taxes to constant currency adjusted earnings before income taxes, for the CDK International segment.

            
CDK InternationalThree Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
 December 31, ASC 605 Change December 31, ASC 605 Change
 2018 2017  2018 2017 
 ASC 606 ASC 605 $ % ASC 606 ASC 605 $ %
Revenues$72.0  $84.6  $86.8  $(2.2) (3)% $150.6  $171.4  $171.1  $0.3  %
Impact of exchange rates2.4  2.8        3.3  3.9       
Constant currency revenues (e)$74.4  $87.4  $86.8  $0.6  1% $153.9  $175.3  $171.1  $4.2  2%
                    
Earnings before income taxes$9.5  $22.1  $22.6  $(0.5) (2)% $28.3  $44.9  $44.0  $0.9  2%
Margin %13.2% 26.1% 26.0% 10 bps 18.8% 26.2% 25.7% 50 bps
Amortization of acquired intangible assets0.2  0.2  0.9      0.3  0.3  1.7     
Adjusted earnings before income taxes (e)$9.7  $22.3  $23.5  $(1.2) (5)% $28.6  $45.2  $45.7  $(0.5) (1)%
Adjusted Margin %13.5% 26.4% 27.1% -70 bps 19.0% 26.4% 26.7% -30 bps
Impact of exchange rates0.3  0.7        0.5  1.1       
Constant currency earnings before income taxes (e)$10.0  $23.0  $23.5  $(0.5) (2)% $29.1  $46.3  $45.7  $0.6  1%
                                      

(d) The table below presents a reconciliation of loss before income taxes to adjusted loss before income taxes for the Other segment. The adoption of ASC 606 had no impact on the Other segment.

            
OtherThree Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
 December 31, Change December 31, Change
 2018 2017 $ % 2018 2017 $ %
Loss before income taxes$(59.5) $(74.0) $14.5  (20)% $(132.3) $(142.4) $10.1  7%
Restructuring expenses3.8  7.6      21.0  14.1     
Other business transformation expenses3.7  14.4      8.9  29.6     
Total stock-based compensation3.5  12.9      6.8  21.0     
Officer transition expense5.2  0.6      5.2  0.6     
Transaction and integration-related expenses1.2        1.7       
Tax matters indemnifications loss/(gain)  0.4        (0.4)    
Adjusted loss before income taxes (e)$(42.1) $(38.1) $(4.0) 10% $(88.7) $(77.5) $(11.2) (14)%
                              

(e) Refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this earnings release for additional information on our non-GAAP adjustments.

CDK Global, Inc.
Revenue Disaggregation
(In millions)
(Unaudited)

The following table presents segment revenues by revenue category for the three and six months ended, December 31, 2018 on an ASC 606 basis:

    
 Three Months Ended December 31, 2018 Six Months Ended December 31, 2018
 Retail
Solutions
North
America
 Advertising
North
America
 CDK
International
 Total Retail
Solutions
North
America
 Advertising
North
America
 CDK
International
 Total
Revenue:               
Subscription$362.5  $  $61.2  $423.7  696.8    127.8  824.6 
On-site license and installation2.8    7.5  10.3  4.2    15.5  19.7 
Transaction38.3      38.3  79.3      79.3 
Advertising  70.5    70.5    136.3    136.3 
Other44.3    3.3  47.6  77.7    7.3  85.0 
Total revenue$447.9  $70.5  $72.0  $590.4  858.0  136.3  150.6  1,144.9 
                            

The following supplemental table presents segment revenues by revenue category for the three and six months ended, December 31, 2018 and 2017 on an ASC 605 basis:

  
 ASC 605 Segment Revenues
 Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
 December 31, Change December 31, Change
 2018 2017 $ % 2018 2017 $ %
CDK North America:               
Retail Solutions North America:               
Subscription$359.3  $326.4  $32.9  10% $694.6  $653.0  $41.6  6%
Transaction38.4  39.1  (0.7) (2)% 79.6  82.8  (3.2) (4)%
Other47.3  32.6  14.7  45% 84.0  63.9  20.1  31%
Total Retail Solutions North America$445.0  $398.1  $46.9  12% $858.2  $799.7  $58.5  7%
Advertising North America70.9  76.8  (5.9) (8)% 136.8  156.6  (19.8) (13)%
CDK International84.6  86.8  (2.2) (3)% 171.4  171.1  0.3  %
Total$600.5  $561.7  $38.8  7% $1,166.4  $1,127.4  $39.0  3%
                              

CDK Global, Inc.
Consolidated Fiscal 2019 Guidance
(In millions, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

As described below under the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this press release, effective July 1, 2018, we began incorporating amortization of acquired intangible assets within our calculations of adjusted earnings before income taxes, adjusted provision for income taxes, adjusted net earnings attributable to CDK, and adjusted diluted net earnings attributable to CDK per share. Also, effective October 1, 2018, we began incorporating impairment of intangible assets within our calculations of adjusted earnings before income taxes, adjusted provision for income taxes, adjusted net earnings attributable to CDK, adjusted diluted net earnings attributable to CDK per share, and adjusted EBITDA. The table below includes these adjustments for fiscal 2018 for purposes of calculating and presenting the fiscal 2019 guidance.

    
 Fiscal 2018
ASC 605
 Fiscal 2019
ASC 606
 Actuals Point
Estimate (a)
 Guidance
Revenues$2,273.2  $2,340.0  $2,320 - 2,350
      
Earnings before income taxes$512.0  $499.0   
Impairment of intangible assets  15.0   
Restructuring expenses20.9  35.0   
Other business transformation expenses50.3  30.0   
Total stock-based compensation35.7  23.0   
Amortization of acquired intangible assets15.9  20.0   
Transaction and integration-related expenses15.7  24.0   
Officer transition expense0.6  5.0   
Legal and regulatory expenses related to competition matters7.4  15.0   
Tax matters indemnification gain, net(0.4)    
Adjusted earnings before income taxes (b)$658.1  $666.0   
          


 Fiscal 2018
ASC 605
 Fiscal 2019
ASC 606
 Actuals Point
Estimate (a)
 Guidance
      
Provision for income taxes$123.3  $132.0   
Effective tax rate24.1% 26.5% 26 - 27%
Income tax effect of pre-tax adjustments44.3  40.0   
Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation5.1  1.0   
Pre spin-off filed tax return adjustment0.4     
Impact of U.S. tax reform act18.5  (3.0)  
Adjusted provision for income taxes (b)$191.6  $170.0   
 Adjusted effective tax rate29.1% 25.5% 25 - 26%


    
 Fiscal 2018
ASC 605
 Fiscal 2019
ASC 606
 Actuals Point
Estimate (a)
 Guidance
Net earnings$388.7  $367.0   
Less: net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest7.9  10.0   
Net earnings attributable to CDK$380.8  $357.0   
Impairment of intangible assets  15.0   
Restructuring expenses20.6  35.0   
Other business transformation expenses50.0  30.0   
Total stock-based compensation35.6  23.0   
Amortization of acquired intangible assets15.7  20.0   
Transaction and integration-related expenses15.7  24.0   
Officer transition expense0.6  5.0   
Legal and regulatory expenses related to competition matters7.4  15.0   
Tax matters indemnification gain, net(0.4)    
Income tax effect of pre-tax adjustments(44.3) (40.0)  
Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation(5.1) (1.0)  
Pre spin-off filed tax return adjustment(0.4)    
Impact of U.S. tax reform act(18.5) 3.0   
Adjusted net earnings attributable to CDK (b)$457.7  $486.0   


    
 Fiscal 2018
ASC 605
 Fiscal 2019
ASC 606
 Actuals Point
Estimate (a)
 Guidance
Diluted net earnings attributable to CDK per share$2.78  $2.79  $2.70 - 2.80
Impairment of intangible assets  0.12   
Restructuring expenses0.15  0.27   
Other business transformation expenses0.37  0.24   
Total stock-based compensation0.26  0.18   
Amortization of acquired intangible assets0.12  0.16   
Transaction and integration-related expenses0.12  0.19   
Officer transition expense  0.04   
Legal and regulatory expenses related to competition matters0.05  0.12   
Tax matters indemnification gain, net     
Income tax effect of pre-tax adjustments(0.32) (0.31)  
Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation(0.04) (0.03)  
Pre spin-off filed tax return adjustment     
Impact of U.S. tax reform act(0.14) 0.03   
Adjusted diluted net earnings attributable to CDK per share (b)$3.35  $3.80  $3.70 - 3.80


    
 Fiscal 2018 ASC 605 Fiscal 2019
ASC 606
 Actuals Point
Estimate (a)
 Guidance
Revenues$2,273.2  $2,340.0  $2,320 - 2,350
      
Net earnings attributable to CDK$380.8  $357.0  $330 - 360
Margin16.8% 15.3%  
Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest7.9  10.0   
Provision for income taxes123.3  132.0   
Interest expense95.9  141.0   
Depreciation and amortization79.1  100.0   
Impairment of intangible assets  15.0   
Total stock-based compensation35.7  23.0   
Restructuring expenses20.9  35.0   
Other business transformation expenses50.1  30.0   
Transaction and integration-related expenses15.7  24.0   
Officer transition expense0.6  5.0   
Legal and regulatory expenses related to competition matters7.4  15.0   
Tax matters indemnification gain, net(0.4)    
Adjusted EBITDA (b)$817.0  $887.0  $860 - 895
Adjusted margin35.9% 37.9%  
        

(a) The point estimates are arbitrary amounts within the guidance ranges provided and are not meant to represent CDK's forecast of actual results. They are used solely to provide a means to reconcile each non-GAAP guidance range to the most directly comparable GAAP measure in dollars and percentages, where applicable.

(b) Refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this press release for additional information on our non-GAAP adjustments.

CDK Global, Inc.
Performance Metrics
(Unaudited)

CDK management regularly reviews the following key performance measures to evaluate business results and make operating and strategic decisions. These measures are intended to provide directional information regarding trends in our recurring subscription revenues. The following table summarizes these measures for recurring subscription revenues in our segments.

Average revenue per site is on an ASC 605 basis for all periods presented in the table below.

         
 September 30,
2017 (a)
 December 31,
2017 (a)
 March 31,
2018 (a)
 June 30,
2018 (a)
 September 30,
2018
 December 31,
2018
RSNA            
Automotive            
DMS Customer Sites (b)9,020  9,029  8,917  8,933  8,920  8,888  
Avg Revenue Per Site (c)$8,303  $8,424  $8,498  $8,607  $8,711  $9,300  
             
Adjacencies            
DMS Customer Sites (b)5,523  5,577  5,613  5,624  5,613  5,665  
Avg Revenue Per Site (c)$1,602  $1,599  $1,620  $1,646  $1,656  $1,692  
             
Total RSNA            
DMS Customer Sites (b)14,543  14,606  14,530  14,557  14,533  14,553  
Avg Revenue Per Site (c)$5,758  $5,818  $5,841  $5,918  $5,984  $6,119  
             
CDKI            
DMS Customer Sites (b)13,496  13,559  13,537  13,274  13,187  13,167  
Avg Revenue Per Site (c)$1,310  $1,335  $1,356  $1,386  $1,418  $1,439  
                         

(a) Average revenue per Dealer Management System (DMS) customer site has been updated for fiscal 2018 to reflect budgeted foreign exchange rates for fiscal 2019.

(b) DMS Customer Sites - We track the number of retail customer sites with an active DMS that sell vehicles in the automotive and adjacent markets as an indicator of our opportunity set for generating subscription revenue. We consider a DMS to be active if we have billed a subscription fee for that solution during each applicable month presented in the table. Adjacent markets include heavy truck dealerships that provide vehicles to the over-the-road trucking industry, recreation dealerships in the motorcycle, marine, and recreational vehicle industries, and heavy equipment dealerships in the agriculture and construction equipment industries.

(c) Average Revenue Per DMS Customer Site - Average revenue per DMS customer site is an indicator of the scope of adoption of our solutions by DMS customers, and we monitor changes in this metric to measure the effectiveness of our strategy to deepen our relationships with our current customer base through upgrading and expanding solutions. We calculate average revenue per DMS customer site by dividing revenue generated from our solutions, including revenue generated from websites, in an applicable quarterly period by the average number of DMS customer sites in the same period. The metric excludes subscription revenue generated by customers not included in our DMS customer site count as well as subscription revenue related to certain installation and training activities that is deferred then recognized as revenue over the life of the contract.  Revenue underlying this metric is based on budgeted foreign exchange rates. When we discuss growth in average revenue per DMS customer site, revenue for the comparable prior period has been adjusted to reflect budgeted foreign exchange rates for the current period.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We disclose certain financial measures for our consolidated and operating segment results on both a GAAP and a non-GAAP (adjusted) basis. The non-GAAP financial measures disclosed should be viewed in addition to, and not as an alternative to, results prepared in accordance with GAAP.  Our use of each of the following non-GAAP financial measures may differ from similarly titled non-GAAP financial measures presented by other companies, and other companies may not define these non-GAAP financial measures, or reconcile them to the comparable GAAP financial measures, in the same way.

  
Non-GAAP Financial MeasureComparable GAAP Financial Measure
Adjusted earnings before income taxesEarnings before income taxes
Adjusted provision for income taxesProvision for income taxes
Adjusted net earnings attributable to CDKNet earnings attributable to CDK
Adjusted diluted earnings attributable to CDK per shareDiluted earnings attributable to CDK per share
Adjusted EBITDANet earnings attributable to CDK
Adjusted EBITDA marginNet earnings attributable to CDK margin
Constant currency revenuesRevenues
Constant currency adjusted earnings before income taxesEarnings before income taxes
Free cash flowNet cash flows provided by operating activities
  

We use adjusted earnings before income taxes, adjusted provision for income taxes, adjusted net earnings attributable to CDK, adjusted diluted earnings attributable to CDK per share, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin internally to evaluate our performance on a consistent basis, because those measures adjust for the impact of certain items that we believe do not directly reflect our underlying operations. By adjusting for these items we believe we have more precise inputs for use as factors in: (i) our budgeting process; (ii) making financial and operational decisions; (iii) evaluating ongoing segment and overall operating performance on a consistent period-to-period basis and relative to our competitors; (iv) target leverage calculations; (v) debt covenant calculations; and (vi) determining incentive-based compensation.

We believe our non-GAAP financial measures are helpful to users of the financial statements because they: (i) provide investors with meaningful supplemental information regarding financial performance by excluding certain items; (ii) permit investors to view performance using the same tools that management uses; and (iii) otherwise provide supplemental information that may be useful to investors in evaluating our ongoing operating results on a consistent basis. We believe that the presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures, when considered in addition to the corresponding GAAP financial measures and the reconciliations to those measures disclosed below, provides investors with a fuller understanding of the factors and trends affecting our business than could be obtained absent these disclosures.

Fiscal 2019 Modifications

Effective July 1, 2018, we began including amortization of acquired intangible assets within our calculations of adjusted earnings before income taxes, adjusted provision for income taxes, adjusted net earnings attributable to CDK, and adjusted diluted net earnings attributable to CDK per share. Effective October 1, 2018, we began including impairment of intangible assets within our calculations of adjusted earnings before income taxes, adjusted net earnings attributable to CDK, adjusted diluted net earnings attributable to CDK per share, and adjusted EBITDA. These non-cash expenses are inconsistent in amount and frequency and do not directly reflect our underlying operations. Therefore, management believes that excluding such information provides us with a better understanding of our ongoing operating performance across periods.

Adjusted Earnings before Income Taxes

Management has excluded the following items from adjusted earnings before income taxes for the periods presented:

Adjusted Provision for Income taxes

Management has excluded the following items from adjusted provision for income taxes for the periods presented:

Adjusted Net Earnings Attributable to CDK and Adjusted Diluted Net Earnings Attributable to CDK per Share

For each respective presentation, management has excluded the items described above for adjusted earnings before income taxes and adjusted provision for income taxes from adjusted net earnings attributable to CDK and adjusted diluted net earnings attributable to CDK per share.

The portion of expense related to noncontrolling interest of $0.1 million and $0.1 million has been removed from amortization of acquired intangible assets and legal and regulatory expenses related to competition matters, respectively, during the three months ended December 31, 2018; and $0.1 million, $0.2 million and $0.1 million from restructuring expenses, amortization of acquired intangible assets and legal and regulatory expenses related to competition matters, respectively, during the six months ended December 31, 2018. The portion of expense related to noncontrolling interest of $0.1 million and $0.1 million has been removed from restructuring expenses and other business transformation expenses, respectively, during the three months ended December 31, 2017; and $0.2 million and $0.1 million from restructuring expenses and other business transformation expenses, respectively, during the six months ended December 31, 2017.

Adjusted EBITDA

Management has excluded the following items from net earnings attributable to CDK in order to calculate adjusted EBITDA for the periods presented:

Free Cash Flow

We also review free cash flow as a measure of our ability to generate additional cash from our business operations. Free cash flow is defined as cash flow from operating activities less amounts paid for capital expenditures and capitalized software and change in restricted cash. Free cash flow should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for consolidated net income as a measure of our performance and net cash provided by operating activities as a measure of our liquidity.

The change in restricted cash is funds held for clients before remittance to agencies for titling and registration services on behalf of those clients. We have added the change in restricted cash to the free cash flow definition due to the adoption of ASU 2016-18, Restricted Cash, in the first quarter of fiscal 2019.  Funds receivable was $32.3 million and $33.1 million as of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, respectively.

Constant Currency

We use constant currency revenues and constant currency adjusted earnings before income taxes to review revenues and adjusted earnings before income taxes for our consolidated and operating segment results on a constant currency basis to understand underlying business trends. To present these results on a constant currency basis, current period results for entities reporting in currencies other than the U.S. dollar were translated into U.S. dollar using the average monthly exchange rates for the comparable prior period. As a result, constant currency results neutralize the effects of foreign currency.

Safe Harbor for Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, including: the Company’s business outlook, including the Company’s GAAP and adjusted fiscal 2019 guidance; the Company’s objectives for its multi-year business transformation plan; other plans; objectives; forecasts; goals; beliefs; business strategies; future events; business conditions; results of operations; financial position and business outlook and trends; and other information, may be forward-looking statements. Words such as "might," "will," "may," "could," "should," "estimates," "expects," "continues," "contemplates," "anticipates," "projects," "plans," "potential," "predicts," "intends," "believes," "forecasts," "future," "assumes," and variations of such words or similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management's expectations and assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed, or implied by, these forward-looking statements.

Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements include: the Company’s success in obtaining, retaining and selling additional services to customers; the pricing of the Company’s products and services; overall market and economic conditions, including interest rate and foreign currency trends, and technology trends; adverse global economic conditions and credit markets and volatility in the countries in which we do business; auto sales and advertising and related industry changes; competitive conditions; changes in regulation; changes in technology, security breaches, interruptions, failures and other errors involving the Company’s systems; availability of skilled technical employees/labor/personnel; the impact of new acquisitions and divestitures; employment and wage levels; availability of capital for the payment of debt service obligations or dividends or the repurchase of shares; any changes to the Company’s credit ratings and the impact of such changes on financing costs, rates, terms, debt service obligations, access to capital market and working capital needs; the impact of the Company’s indebtedness, access to cash and financing, and ability to secure financing, or financing at attractive rates; the onset of or developments in litigation involving contract, intellectual property, competition, shareholder, and other matters, and governmental investigations; the Company’s ability to timely and effectively implement its transformation plan; and the ability of the Company’s significant stockholders and their affiliates to significantly influence the Company’s decisions or cause it to incur significant costs.

There may be other factors that may cause the Company’s actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, the forward-looking statements.  The Company gives no assurances that any of the events anticipated by the forward-looking statements will occur or, if any of them do, what impact they will have on its results of operations and financial condition. You should carefully read the factors described in the Company’s reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), including those discussed under "Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors" in its most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and its most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for a description of certain risks that could, among other things, cause  the Company’s actual results to differ from any forward-looking statements contained herein. These filings can be found on the Company’s website at www.cdkglobal.com and the SEC's website at www.sec.gov.

All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this press release even if subsequently made available by the Company on its website or otherwise. The Company disclaims any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect new information or future events or circumstances that arise after the date made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, other than as required by law.

  
Investor Relations Contact:Media Contact:
Katie Coleman
847.485.4650
katherine.coleman@cdk.com
Roxanne Pipitone
847.485.4423
roxanne.pipitone@cdk.com